Flora y Fauna

The Sea Turtles of Padre Ramos

Three species of endangered sea turtles nest and forage in the Estero Padre Ramos Nature Reserve. They dine on the fish, shrimp, anemones, and jellyfish in the salty waters of the Pacific and rely on the sandy beaches to lay their precious eggs between July and November. Eggs hatch and tortugitas scramble for the ocean in November and December. Leatherbacks are the most highly endangered of all the species, with fewer than 2000 nesting females remaining in the entire Pacific Ocean.

Sea turtles are threatened from industrial fishing fleets off the coast of Central America in search of tuna, shark and swordfish. These ships directly catch and kill tens of thousands of individuals every year with their hooks and nets. Sea turtle eggs are also a precious commodity in local coastal communities, where locals harvest the eggs illegally for sale and consumption.

Common Name – Latin Name – Spanish Name

Leatherback Sea Turtle   –   Dermochelys coriácea   –   Tortuga tora
Hawksbill Sea Turtle   –   Eretmochelys imbricata   –   Tortuga carey
Olive Ridley Sea Turtle   –   Lepidochelys olivácea   –   Tortuga paslama

*Most commonly, we see adult and juvenile hawksbill sea turtles swimming in the estuary*

Nicaragua Birds of Padre Ramos Nature Reserve

More than 175 species of migratory and resident bird species inhabit the Estero Padre Ramos Nature Reserve.  With rich diversity and abundance of fish and invertebrates present in the estuary, it’s no wonder that birds travel from as far away as Alaska, Canada, and Chile to feed and nest in this protected environment.

  • Brown Pelican
  •  American White Pelican
  •  Magnificent Frigatebird
  •  Neotropic Cormorant
  •  Anhinga
  •  Bare-Throated Tiger Heron
  •  Great Blue Heron
  •  Great Egret
  •  Snowy Egret
  •  Reddish Egret
  •  Little Blue Heron
  •  Tricolored Heron
  •  Green Heron
  •  Black-Crowned Night Heron
  •  Yellow-Crowned Night Heron
  •  Boat-Billed Heron
  •  White Ibis
  •  Roseate Spoonbill
  •  Wood Stork
  •  Black Vulture
  •  Turkey Vulture
  •  Osprey
  •  Common Black-Hawk
  •  Short-Tailed Hawk
  •  Roadside Hawk
  •  Crested Caracara
  •  Peregrine Falcon
  •  Gray-Headed Chachalaca
  •  Black-Bellied Plover
  •  Semipalmated Plover
  •  Black Oystercatcher
  •  American Oystercatcher
  •  Black-Necked Stilts
  •  Greater Yellowlegs
  •  Whimbrel
  •  Long-Billed Curlew
  •  Willet
  •  Marbled Godwit
  •  Short-Billed Dowitcher
  •  Spotted Sandpiper
  •  Ruddy Turnstone
  •  Semipalmated Sandpiper
  •  Stilt Sandpiper
  •  Western Sandpiper
  •  Least Sandpiper
  •  Sanderling
  •  Bridled Tern
  •  Caspian Tern
  •  Royal Tern

  • Elegant Tern
  • Black Skimmer
  • White-Winged Dove
  • Ruddy Ground-Dove
  • Inca Dove
  • Common Ground-Dove
  • Plain-Breasted Ground-Dove
  • White-Tipped Dove
  • Orange-Chinned Parakeet
  • Orange-Fronted Parakeet
  • Yellow-Naped Parrot
  • Groove-Billed Ani
  • Mangrove Cuckoo
  • Striped Cuckoo
  • Squirrel Cuckoo
  • Lesser Ground-Cuckoo
  • Spectacled Owl
  • Mottled Owl
  • Common Nighthawk
  • Common Pauraque
  • Cinnamon Hummingbird
  • Black-Headed Trogon
  • Violeaceous Trogon
  • Turquoise-Browed Motmot
  • Ringed Kingfisher
  • Belted Kingfisher
  • American Pygmy Kingfisher
  • Hoffmann’s Woodpecker
  • Lineated Woodpecker
  • Great Kiskadee
  • Tropical Kingbird
  • Scissor-Tailed Flycatcher
  • Great-Crested Flycatcher
  • Brown-Crested Flycatcher
  • Dusky-Capped Flycatcher
  • Nutting’s Flycatcher
  • Ash-Throated Flycatcher
  • Gray-Capped Flycatcher
  • Social Flycatcher
  • Vermilion Flycatcher
  • Northern Beardless Tyrannulet
  • Mangrove Swallow
  • White-Lored Gnatcatcher
  • Bell’s Vireo
  • Warbling Vireo
  • Yellow-Green Vireo
  • Yellow-Throated Vireo
  • Philadelphia Vireo
  • White-Throated Magpie Jay
  • Bank Swallow
  • Barn Swallow
  • Rufous and White Wren
  • Banded Wren
  • Clay-Colored Robin
  • Black and White Warbler
  • Bay-Breasted Warbler
  • Yellow-Throated Warbler
  • Yellow Warbler
  • Cerulean Warbler
  • Orange-Crowned Warbler
  • Tennessee Warbler
  • American Redstart
  • Louisiana Waterthrush
  • Northern Waterthrush
  • Wilson’s Warbler
  • Mourning Warbler
  • Yellow-Throated Euphonia
  • White-Vented Euphonia
  • Thick-Billed Euphonia
  • Scrub Euphonia
  • Western Tanager
  • White-Winged Tanager
  • Flame-Colored Tanager
  • Summer Tanager
  • Hepatic Tanager
  • Crimson-Collared Tanager
  • Blue-Gray Tanager
  • Painted Bunting
  • Blue-Black Grassquit
  • Ruddy-Breasted Seedeater
  • White-Collared Seedeater
  • Blue Seedeater
  • Variable Seedeater
  • Stripe-Headed Sparrow
  • Grassland Yellow-Finch
  • Thick-Billed Seed Finch
  • Blue Grosbeak
  • Rose-Breasted Grosbeak
  • Blue-Black Grosbeak
  • Painted Bunting
  • Indigo Bunting
  • Orchard Oriole
  • Streak-Breasted Oriole
  • Spot-Breasted Oriole
  • Yellow-Tailed Oriole
  • Altamira Oriole
  • Baltimore Oriole
  • Great-Tailed Grackle

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